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Groundwater contamination is a problem that goes beyond administrative boundaries of a local public authority: there is little experience in Europe in the management of such challenges in functional urban areas (FUAs). Current practices of environmental management and measures for mitigation of pollution sources are often not sufficient.
AMIIGA tackles in particular the problem of groundwater contamination originating from brownfield sites. Due to structural change, extensive brownfield areas exist both in the urban cores as well as in their hinterlands.
Contamination sources located in "city core" affects the groundwater quality of "hinterlands" downstream and vice versa. It requires effective intervention at a medium (FUA) scale, neglected in existing legislation. The project focuses on integrated assessment, remediation and management strategies. The AMIIGA tools will be implemented in 7 pilot actions in 7 regions; the results will be then jointly evaluated by the project partnership. The AMIIGA partnership ibrings together a combination of technical, research, management and regulatory expertise that will exchange and transfer knowledge, which is needed to face the complex challenge of groundwater contamination.
What is AMIIGA
AMIIGA is a project pulling together 12 partners from 6 countries of central Europe, all sharing the objective of developing an integrated approach to the management of groundwater quality in functional urban areas.
AMIIGA project tackles the problem of groundwater contamination originating from sources located in brownfield sites, which is common in Central Europe.
Much progress has been made in urban environment management in Europe, but little progress in tackling groundwater pollution - common problem to most central Europe urban areas - in the wider territorial dimension of FUAs.
Groundwater knows no administrative borders; a groundwater body covers both “city cores” and “hinterlands”, which is the basic challenge for groundwater management.
This is a three-year project running between September 2016 – August 2019.
Why transnational co-operation
Ambitious remediation targets cannot be achieved within reasonable costs and timeframes by an organization alone. Dealing with groundwater contamination at the FUA scale is in the loophole between EU-regulation (large scale contamination) and national legislation (local point sources). Transnational efforts in awareness rising will raise this issue to the regulatory level, and will support the definition of basic principles on mitigation strategies and measures.
. Academic partners will provide applied research (CSIA, BMTs and modeling), which will result in cooperation on local activities. Such cooperation will be further supported by study visits and job-shadowing.Groundwater contamination is a problem that goes beyond administrative boundaries of a local public authority: there is little experience in Europe in the management of such challenges in FUAs. Partners will jointly elaborate groundwater management plans (contribution to local outputs via expert panel and workshops on local management plans). The formulation of a regional strategy will be carried out with involvement of relevant associated partners (targeting the policy level) to ensure its subsequent implementation.
Bokanjac FUA, Croatia: Solutions for the inverse problem using the FOKS tools in Karst
Demonstrative pilot action on the integral investigation of groundwater pollution sources, endangering wit nitrates and pesticides the Zadar water supply system. Current technical tools for investigation will be adopted innovatively in the karstic environment. Application of integral groundwater investigation will enable to suggest measures to assure the quality of drinking water.
Ljubljana, Slovenia: Remediation concept from drinking water perspective for diverse pollutants in typical Slovenian FUA
Pilot action on comprehensive foundation to implement remedial measures for typical urban core and hinterland sources of contaminations (landfill-industrial-sewage-agriculture) in aquifer supplying drinking water. The demonstration case is based on the risk assessment approach from drinking water supply and Water
Safety Planning perspective. It applies procedures from monitoring, contaminants mass balance and
transport modeling, environmental trends, pre-investment and feasibility study.
Milan, Italy: Distinction between site-specific and diffused contamination in Milan FUA
Pilot action on integral pollution assessment. By applying amended tools from the CE project FOKS and new tools including CSIA, the impact on groundwater quality of diffused and site-specific contamination will be evaluated; an improved FUA monitoring network will be created, it will integrate existing ones that are currently managed by different environmental authorities. More appropriate threshold values will be proposed for a more cost-effective management at FUA scale.
Parma, Italy: Assessment of natural attenuation potential as a remediation option in Parma FUA
It will evaluate the natural attenuation processes and its applicability at the FUA scale as an option for remediation of groundwater polluted by chlorinated hydrocarbons. The pilot action will consist of periodical monitoring campaigns of groundwater samples collected from existing and new monitoring wells for the analyses of specific compounds, including application of innovative tools – BMT and CSIA, as well as FOKS tools adopted to FUA scale.
Novy Bydzov, Czech Republic: In-situ biologically enhanced remediation
It will demonstrate the exemplary case study of processing the biologically enhanced remediation of groundwater polluted with chlorinated hydrocarbons in FUA Novy Bydzov.
It will perform the key steps assuring the effective and sustainable remediation – testing remedial procedures in laboratory scale, then verifying in the field in pilot scale before the full scale application. The innovative tools BMT and CSIA developed in WPT1 will be tested and validated.
Jaworzno, Poland: Passive groundwater treatment by bioreactive wall in FUA
It will apply passive groundwater treatment system: an innovative bioreactive wall with monitoring infrastructure. The wall will be placed across the plume of pesticides in the groundwater. It will also include microbial inocula for increasing the natural attenuation processes of pollutants biodegradation.
Stuttgart, Germany: Integral monitoring of remedial measures efficiency in Stuttgart FUA
Pilot action on establishing the proper monitoring network based on optimization of existing monitoring network in Stuttgart FUA by selection and installation of proper monitoring wells. Wells will be located to capture and describe the integral contaminant situation. The efficient monitoring network will further enable a reduction of long-term monitoring costs. The results of testing and evaluation of a novel and effective integral monitoring network will be transferable to other FUAs.
14 – 16 February 2017
News and events
15 – 16 November 2016
News and Event
WPT 1 is dedicated to “Tools for groundwater pollution assessment and remediation in Functional Urban Areas (FUAs)”Partners discussed how the tools of the project FOKS - Focus on Key Sources of Environmental Risks (Central Europe 2007-2013) can be adapted and further developed to the larger scale of FUAs (functional urban areas). Partner also examined the BMT and CSIA (compound specific isotope analysis) analysis that will be used in some AMIIGA pilot sites.
29 – 30 September 2016
News and events
Over forty-five people, representatives of every project partner, took part in the meeting. Partners from Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, Slovenia and Croatia and associated partners from Poland and Slovenia shared expectations, challenges and expected results. Roles, responsibilities, tasks, methods were agreed, together with the workplan of the next months. Mr Lubor Jusko, representative of the Joint Secretariat, provided technical support and advice on key implementation issues. A fruitful meeting that gelled the partnership, thanks also to good Polish bear!