Airports are assets and transnational transport gateways for citizens. The magnitude and growing trend of air traffic (10 percent per year in the EU) requires actions for the landside accessibility of functional urban areas (FUAs) to airports.  LAirA (Landside Airport Accessibility) addresses the multimodal, smart and low carbon mobility integration of airports in the mobility systems of functional urban areas. The project aims to reduce energy use and environmental impacts of transport activities by changing mobility behaviours of airport passengers and employees and by creating novel strategies in low carbon mobility planning for local authorities.

It targets the 56 million passengers and 39 000 employees of the airport systems in Vienna, Budapest, Warsaw, Milano, Stuttgart, Dubrovnik and Poznan. LAirA focuses in particular on building capacities of local and regional authorities and airports, to jointly plan and implement low carbon mobility solutions in a transnational and comprehensive approach which integrates seven key thematic areas: electric mobility, air-rail links, walking and cycling, shared mobility, information technology systems, wayfinding and road public transport. LAirA is a 30-months project (May 2017 – October 2019).

Project in numbers


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 LAirA action plans

LAirA defines in a transnational policy learning dialogue the action plans for low carbon mobility of airport passenger and employees, taking into consideration multiple types of interventions (the seven LAirA thematic areas) not only related to public transport (competence of authorities), but also to further integrate other low carbon mobility solutions (e.g. e-mobility, car sharing). Strategies for low carbon integration of airports in Functional Urban Areas are defined in a governance process involving airports, authorities, agencies, transport providers, associations & nodes.

LAirA Project leaflet

In its efforts to enhance the capacities of local and regional authorities, the LAirA  project delivers knowledge through several transnational action plans related to multimodal, smart and low carbon airport access. You can check below the LAirA action plans:
Air-Rail Links Report – This thematic report focuses on action plans from project partners to introduce Air-Rail Links as part of the wider LAirA initiative.

Landside Accessibility to Airports: International Best Practice Report – This study aims to improve landside mobility planning for airports

Wayfinding at Airports Action Plan – This report considers the global best practice examples of wayfinding at airports to set out how signage and other wayfinding mediums are used to guide passengers through airports.

ITS Mobility Action Plan – This action plan focuses on multimodal travel information and reliability in terms of landside accessibility by road and rail.

Transnational Action Plan – Multimodal, Smart and Low Carbon Accessibility in Airport Functional Urban Areas – This report specifically focuses on identifying actions for sustainable surface access at the LAirA airports.

Soft Mobility Action Plan – The scope of this action plan is the functional urban areas restricted to the optimal use of soft mobility modes in the vicinity of airports in order to foster the shift of the modal choice of airport employees to soft mobility.

Shared Mobility Action Plan – The aim of this action plan about Sharing Mobility for LAirA airports is to support decision makers in low carbon mobility planning for airports and their FUAs.

Road-Based Public Transport Action Plan – This action plan includes examples of best practices of road-based airport access to Croatian airports.

Electric Mobility Action Plan – This thematic report focuses on action plans from project partners to introduce landside e-mobility developments as part of the wider LAirA initiative.

Educational Model on Understanding the Integration of Airports’ Landside Access Into the Mobility Systems of Urban Areas – The handbook presents the multimodal and sustainable low carbon mobility integration of seven different airports in the transport systems of their functional urban areas (FUAs).

Transnational Strategy: Guidelines on Low Carbon Emission Landside Accessibility to Airports – The Transnational Strategy is the third and final phase of the LAirA project, focusing on identifying actions for sustainable land transport and access at LAirA airports with the final objective of reducing the CO2 emissions. In order to achieve this goal, the strategy brings together local and regional authorities and airports to build their capacity and facilitate joint planning and implementation of low carbon mobility solutions.

Summary – LAirA Transnational Strategy  – This document is a summary of Landside Airport Accessibility project final document "LAirA Transnational Strategy – Guidelines on Low Carbon Emission Landside Accessibility to Airports". Also, it presents detailed mobility solutions at LAirA airports (Budapest, Milan, Poznan, Modlin, Vienna, Stuttgart and Dubrovnik).

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